The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California was established by the California Legislature in 1928 through the Metropolitan Water District Act. The primary purpose of the Act was to construct and operate the 242-mile Colorado River Aqueduct (CRA).
Concurrent with the enactment of the Metropolitan Act, the U.S. Congress passed the Boulder Canyon Project Act, authorizing construction of Hoover Dam, which provided power to pump water to southern California.
Metropolitan was one of the first wholesale water agencies in the United States, and currently is the largest.
Metropolitan is a special district, governed by a 38-member board of directors representing Metropolitan's 26 member public agencies.
The Metropolitan Water District Act authorizes Metropolitan to: levy property taxes within its service area; establish water rates; impose charges for water standby and service availability; incur general obligation bonded indebtedness and issue revenue bonds, notes and short-term revenue certificates: execute contracts; and exercise the power of eminent domain for the purpose of acquiring property.
The Metropolitan Act details the formation, internal organization, powers and purposes, taxes, bonds, and changes in organization for The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California.